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These are the sensual forms of the colony including prospective kings and queens of colonies not yet been established.
The reproductives live in a central chamber in the nest in which a lady queen or queen, will lay many thousands of eggs every year over her entire life span of about a decade. Male, or kings, are responsible for fertilising the queens. Multiple reproductives are commonly observed.
The young termites develop in the colony by shedding cuticles at the end of every growth phase, slowly changing until they reach the employee, soldier or grownup (winged form). If queens perish, some supplementary reproductives can carry on the colony as neotenics.
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Reproductives are generally darker than employees and soldiers. They have functional eyes and their more robust skin (cuticle) can resist the outside environment. Once flight, unlike other insects, the deciduous wings of termites are discarded and piles of shed wings are a fantastic clue to termite infestations.
Officials have darker, larger heads than the other castes. They're blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs.
Soldiers are tougher than the other castes and take longer to die from most toxins, exposure, or starvation. It's their function to defend the colony, if disturbed, while the damage is repaired by the employees.
Soldiers exist in different types. Many species have soldiers, with well-developed jaws (mandibles) used to crush attackers, like ants.
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Nastute soldiers occur in Nasustitermes species and are only infrequently found as pests in Victoria. They've a snout where they eject a sticky solution which disturbs and glues attackers.
Phragmotic soldiers have a very large head, which can be wedged in tunnels to block attackers. The drywood termites, that utilize this particular strategy, are only occasional introductions to Victoria.
The workers account for the largest number of termites within the colony, and are consequently responsible for the maximum damage.
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They collect food, groom other termites, construct tunnels and repair damage in addition to tending to the kings, queens and their young. These termites are believed to operate 24 hours per day during their 4-year life span. Worker termites are generally unpigmented. They are blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. .
Termites hatch from eggs that have been tended by their own nest mates in specially constructed nurseries.
As soon as they're old enough, the young work within the colony where occupations change with age and maturity.
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Once a single colony gets sufficiently large it generates winged reproductives which wait in specially constructed chambers until ready to depart the nest and undertake a colonising flight.
They leave the nest for a swarm under conditions of high humidity, still air, and sometimes low light. Termites are not strong fliers and generally only fly around 1km, although breezes and updrafts can take them a lot further.
Upon landing near a suitable nest site, the female sheds her wings and evokes a calling scent. Males quickly respond.
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They dig in and within the next few weeks, partner and look after their young until enough employees grow to take over the care roles.
New colonies are sometimes created via budding. This is thought to occur when the extremities of the colony eliminate contact and eventually become independent.
The primary king and queen are believed to exude visit this site right here hormones, which suppress the sexual development of the remainder of the colony. However, this control breaks down whether the territory is too large or contact groups is dropped.
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Termites work together in nests or colonies. They hatch from eggs as mammals, which can be fed by mature termites. They then develop into four kinds or castes of termite:
Soldiers have large, dark heads, are blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs. Soldiers are tougher than other castes and may take longer to control. Some species of soldier termites have strong jaws (mandibles) used to crush attackers, like ants.
Employees are colourless, blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. Workers are the largest caste within a colony and are, therefore, responsible for most harm.
Reproductives which are darker in colour to other castes, have functional eyes and robust skin. This caste becomes the pioneers of prospective colonies.
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The temperature, food grade, and activity of this colony will determine how long it takes to get a termite to grow from egg to mature.
Nests and tunnels are stored moist because worker termites cannot stand low humidity for long periods of time. The temperature within the nursery of a massive nest ranges between 10 C and 35 C but seldom changes more than one level a day. The relative humidity is approximately 100 per cent.